Listed below are some of the more common eye conditions, the list does not contain all of the eye conditions and diseases that exist. Contact one of our optometrists to have an examination or for further information.
1. Dry Eye – often occurs due to the lack of moisture in the eyes, as the eye is dependent on the flow of tears to provide constant lubrication to sustain vision and comfort. Common symptoms are stinging, burning, eye fatigue after short periods of reading, sensitivity to light and blurred vision.
2. Floaters & Flashes – appear as little specks in the shape of small, dark, shadowy shapes or squiggly lines in your field of vision. They become more prominent when looking at something bright like white paper or a blue sky. Most floaters are a normal part of the aging process and are not harmful, but in some cases they could be signaling a more serious condition like retinal detachment. It is important to have an eye care professional to examine your eyes.
3. Cataract – is the clouding of the lens in your eye. In most cases this is an age related condition, and replace with progresses with time. However, cataracts can also develop with physical trauma and eye injury. The symptoms are cloudy or blurry vision, poor night vision, double vision or multiple images in one eye.
4. Glaucoma – actually refers to a group of conditions; open-angle(chronic) glaucoma, Angle-closure (acute) glaucoma, Congenital glaucoma, Secondary glaucoma. These conditions lead to damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that is responsible for carrying visual information from the eye to the brain. Often, damage to the optic nerve is due to the increased pressure in the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). Most people with open-angle glaucoma have no symptoms and if left untreated could progress to complete blindness. It is important to have tests conducted routinely, especially if you are over the age of 40.
5. Conjunctivitis – also known as pink eye is swelling (inflammation) or infection of the transparent membrane that lines your eyelid and part of your eyeball. Conjunctivitis is mostly caused by either a bacterial or viral infection, but could also be caused by allergies or a foreign object in the eye. Symptoms include redness in one or both eyes, itching, a discharge that forms a crust during the night. Pink eye is highly contagious for a duration of up to two weeks after symptoms begin, if you notice any symptoms that you suspect being conjunctivitis make an appointment to see your doctor, with an early diagnosis you protect people around you from contracting pink eye and help you cope with the symptoms and limit your risk of complications.
6. Ocular allergies – the eyes reaction to coming in contact with allergens. The allergic reaction can affect only one or both eyes. The symptoms include burning, itching, watery discharge that is thick and is accompanied by nasal discharge. In very serious cases damage to the eye can occur.
7. Detached retina – is the separation of the light sensitive membrane in the retina (back of eye) from its supporting layers. The detachment occurs with a tear or hole in the retina through which fluids may leak which causes separation of the retina from the underlying tissues. But the separation can also occur by trauma, diabetes or inflammatory disorder. Symptoms include blurred vision, floaters in the eye, shadow or blindness in a fraction of the visual field of one eye, bright flashes of light.
8. Macular degeneration – is a chronic eye disease that causes the loss of vision in the center of your field of vision. It also is the leading cause of drastic vision loss in people over the age of 60. Symptoms include the appearance of straight lines being distorted, center of vision distorted, diminished or changed color perception, blurry areas or white out appear in the center of vision. Age-related macular degeneration can be diagnosed by a routine eye examination.
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